Since the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit, Norway has strengthened nuclear security implementation and built up the global nuclear security architecture by…
Strengthening Nuclear and Other Radioactive Material Security
- Norway hosted an IPPAS mission in October 2015, in line with our support to IAEA Information Circular (INFCIRC) 869. The mission recommended that Norway should:
- Ensuring effective financial and legal independence of the regulatory authority;
- review its regulations on physical protection, incorporating input from the IPPAS mission;
- strengthen national measures against insider threats;
- strengthen measures against cyber threats;
- improve coordination between different authorities with particular emphasis on threat assessments and response.
- Norway has increased its cooperation with Ukraine on nuclear safety and security, including the following measures:
- A Norwegian–Swedish–Ukrainian initiative on improving nuclear safety and security in Ukraine was launched at NSS 2014.
- Bilateral regulatory cooperation with Ukraine has been enhanced. This includes establishing an overview of regulatory challenges to improved nuclear safety.
- Cooperation with the US has been entered into on projects in Ukraine to counter illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials.
- In 2016, Norway will host an international meeting for closer coordination of efforts to improve nuclear safety and security in Ukraine.
- Norway has been engaged in several projects over the last two decades on securing the nuclear legacy from the Cold War and other radioactive material in north-western Russia.
- We are currently supporting activities aimed at securing nuclear material at the former military base in Andreeva Bay and at Atomflot in Murmansk
Minimizing Nuclear and other Radioactive Materials
- Norway launched a Gift Basket at the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit on Minimising and Eliminating the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Applications. A follow up International Conference will be organised in 2018.
- Norway has replaced all Cs-137 Category 1 radioactive sources with X-ray technology.
- In 2016, Norway will host an International meeting on minimisation of stocks of highly enriched uranium in a uranium-thorium mixture.
Countering Nuclear Smuggling
- contributed to improved border monitoring in Ukraine by installing additional border monitoring portals, in partnership with the US;
- helped to improve Ukrainian border guard capabilities in handling nuclear smuggling incidents;
- contributed to training activities in searching for and securing radioactive sources for relevant Ukrainian authorities, in partnership with the US;
- initiated a collaborative project with Slovakia, on improved border control against nuclear smuggling.
Supporting Multilateral Instruments
- signed and ratified the amended Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials and Facilities (CPPNM);
- adopted the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources including its supplementary guidance document;
- signed and ratified the International Convention on the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism;
- promoted additional measures for material transparency, control and production cut-off, and early start and conclusion of negotiations on a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT).
Collaborating with International Organizations and Initiatives
- Norway has contributed approx. USD 5 mill. to the IAEA Nuclear Security Fund since the first summit.
- Norway participates in the IAEA Nuclear Security Guidance Committee.
- Norway is an active member of the G7 Global Partnership.
- Norway participates in the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
- Norway has reported on implementation of UNSC resolution 1540.
Partnering with External Stakeholders
- In January 2016, Norway hosted a WINS workshop, in collaboration with the US, on the implementation of the 2014 Gift Basket on Enhancing Radiological Security.